Crozier Crosar Crosier, coat of arms.

Crozier Arms

IN ? 10/29/2016;

10-29-2016-crozier-arms-a-single-shield-with-cross-and-french-symbols

 

Feel that some thing of Scotland needs to be in the shield, and may be of the Armstrong and Elliot. The predomitnate colors os the Scottish flag and the Armstrong shield is azure (lapish blue) and white. The Armstrong withe the Little/Liddell have been known to use the Cross of St Andrews;

chronicles-of-armstrong-shields-1

The Elwald-Elliot have been noted to use a staghead;

elk-of-forest

The families were called after shield. The one with the staghead would be Elwald, and the one with the elwand would be Elwand.

chronicles-of-the-armstrongs-1

 

elfwold-elwald-sceat-minted-in-york

elwood-gorrenberry-shield-of-york

Disnaming;

It is felt because the border Elwald were so notorious that a process of disnaming took place which is known for MacGreggor highlanders, and Graham English border reviers.

At time of King James VI of Scotland become I of a united kingdom, MacGregor in highlands had disnaming process along with a year later in the borders with the Graham on English side of the Debateable lands (Reivers, Alistair Moffat pg 19).

Some English Elwald became Edwards, .as shown by a coat of arms  in the Edwards family, but not for all Edwards.

edwards-elwold-ellwood-gorrenberry-arms

edwards-coat-of-arms

Elioth of York also use the same crest;elioth-of-york-coat-of-arms

It should be noted that Elwood, and Ellwood are English forms of the Anglo-Danish name Elwold, where wold and wood carry the meaninf of forest. Elioth is a Scandinavian from of the English name  Eliot. 11/13/2016 MSE

 

The Redheugh of Eliott line uses a shield with an ellwand/elwand on the bend.

crest-shield-coat-ellot-ker1

It should be noted that the Elwood (Elwald) are out of Northumbria, and Elwald is a common name during the 16th century in York;

elwood-ellwood-crest1

Like Crozier and it is felt for other families there are a number of arms, but to establish a clan one needs to be agreed upon.

Gorrenberry, uses the auld/old Elwood/Elwald /Ellot shield , at time of land purchase;

Redheugh, Larristons, and Hartsgarth (Stobs) took on the shield with the ellwand/elwand on the bend;

Because of a Sir Gilbert in the line it has a knights helment on top;

The shield of Gilbert Ellot has an ellwand on its  bend;

gilbert-ellot-seal

horseliehill-seals-1

The William Ellot shield has a staghead in base;

elliot-names-shield-robert-bruce-armstrong-liddesdale

 

download

sasine_deed_1484_for_robert_elwald_elliot_redheugh_larriston_hartsgarth-1

As one can see Crosar, John and Quentin witnessed sasine/deed. William Elwald of Gorrenberry, listed with the son of Bucceluch, Cessford and brother likely Ferniehirst, and Gladstanes, landowners of Crozier land in Teviotdale is my many great grandfather

The Redheugh of Eliott line uses a shield with an ellwand/elwand on the bend. An ellwand/elwand, is what the Elwand/Elwald were referred to because like me they measured. The Elwand was the sixteenth century Edinburgh, Scotland standardized measurement for length, like an English yardstick or a French metre rod.  The Redheugh-Larriston-Hartsgarth (Stobs), shield was created in the sixteenth century.

It should be noted that my family rode with the grain of Martin Ellot brother to Robert Ellot of Redheugh, moving to Larriston.

Robert had a mistress from Slaughtree  who he built a Hartsgarth Tower for. Elliot of Scotland claim descendant from Redheugh, but Gorrenberry and the Martin Elwood may not. Martin built a tower near his brother at Prickenhaugh, and this was near the Scottish Riccarton Croyser.

crozier_and_elliot_in_upper_liddesdale_blaeu_1654_map-2

It should be noted that Gorrenberry, and Thorleeshope (valley of Thor), proceeded Redheugh, and these are localities of Gorrenberry, and Martin Elwood (Elwald/Ellot/Elliot/Elliott) lived. The name Patrick of the first Bothwell of the Hermitage was utilized by the Thorleeshope Elwald, and Mosspatrickswine-MacPatrickhope-O(ver) Gorrenberry, became the land lease from Bothwell home, of William O Gorrenberry which supported Kinmont Willie Armstrong,  and head of the Gorrenberry family.

My family was of the grain of Martin Ellot (Elwood descendants on Lewis Island north Scotland and Ulster). Becuase we defended The Hermitage Castle, my family was banished from like the Armstrong defending Scotland from both kingdoms at the time of the Union, and moved with Elwood, Crozier, and Armstrong to Fermanagh County, Ulster Ireland.

notes_and_queries_oxford_university_press_1876_-_questions_and_answers_page_174_5th_s-_vi-_aug-_26_1876-1

In the above it shows Lariston using a baton (elwand) on the bend. Since Redheugh, Lariston, and Hartsgarth (Stobs), is of the same family they would ultilizes similar arms. Since Clan Nixon utilizes, a similar ares, and the Redheugh Eliott, unlike the Armstrong have a chief, it is saying that Clan Nixon is a sept of Clan Redheugh-Stobs Eliott. It is likely sinced Redheugh-Stobs Eliott paired with Bucccleuch the Nixon preferred following the Armstrong.

above added 10/29-30/2016 MSE

Hermitage Castle’s Infinis’ Windy Edge

 

 

Need to Ride;

Infinis Windy Edge

Hermitage Castle’s Infinis’ Windy Edge

Scots allow Windy Edge

Ireland and beyond;

Clan_Crozier_Irish_arms

Ireland is a stepping stone to English Plantations and beyond, and has it’s own arms which was past on.

Scottish Arms;

Of US William Armstrong Crozier;

Crozier-Arms-and-Motto

Stag’s head not on top, but placed  on shield to make shield a single design.

Crozier arms W-Y

Without Staghead;

Clan_Crozier_arms1

Resembles more of the bee, fly, butterfly arms, but looses some uniqueness.

Armstrong shield;

Clan Armstrong shield

Armstrong shield added 8/7/2016

If I as an Elwald-Ellot-Elliot-Elliott were to design an arms for Crozier being an ally of Clan Armstrong it would look something like this;

Crozier Arms

Mark Elliott    9/12/2015

Since there seems to be interested in above shield cropped the Clan Crosier (Milnholm) design. It needs to be redesigned and hopefully uploaded to;

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Crozier

to be considered viable. Feel the dual color svg (scalable vector graphics) format should be used;

Crozier-(Milnholm) Arms

Though it is a personal family bias towards the stag head, it is much more important the arms is truly of Clan Crozier, and it is felt if Clan Crozier is armigerous (without chief), like the Armstrong, but could try to claim a sept of Clan Elliot, since Clan Elliot has a chief. Without chief allied to Armstrong and Elliot; Crozier no knight. no knight helmet, and a single shield of arms would be most appropriate, but a choice of Clan Crozier.

Mark Elliott  11/21/2015

The English Ellwood arms which becomes the Scottish Elwood/Elwald Arms, of Gorrenberry, Horsleyhill. When Redheugh obtained land they adopted an arms with with a red background, and an elwand (standard of measurement for sixteenth century Scotalnd previous to The Union, a hair more than 37 Imperial English inches) on a golden bend.

Ellwood Elwald

Ellwood (English)

Elwald/Elwood (Scottish)

Arms of Cumberland Ellwood, and Scottish Elwood, along with the Gorrenberry/Horsleyhill line. Arms previous to that of the Redheugh arms. Family from Roxburgh to Fermangh has a similar migration pattern to the Crozier.

Clan_Crozier_coat_of_arms.svg

9/13/2015

Clan Crozier 1-6  Clan Crozier 7-13

Clan Crozier (crosier, croser, cros, etc.) is one of
the border reiving clans of Scotland, along with the
Armstrongs, Elliots, and Nixons. Some sources cite the
surname as a sept of the Armstrong clan, but the Scottish
Parliamentin 1587 identified the Croziers as a middle
march clan.[1]

An armigerous clan is a clan without a chief, and a sept is
a clan which follows a chief. So an armigerous clan like
Clan Armstrong, since it does not have a chief, does not
have septs. Clan Crozier, not having a chief by the
Lord Lyon King of Arms, is an armigerous clan allied with the
far more populous Clan Armstrong.

1 Name evolution
Croyser, Croiser, Crosier, Crozier.
Many of the earlier forms of the name were of Croyser or
Crosier (of Cros), had a common English language switch
of an “y” for an “i”. The name basically was Croyser then
Croiser, which means cross; one who lives near or bears
one.[2]

Croyser or Crosier has Old French origins, of Roman
Christianity the name Croyser, then Croiser has also
Old Scottish influence evolved from the Old French of,
Croice, Crois(e, n. Also: croyce, croys(e). [ME. croice,
croyce, crois, croys, croyz (14–15th c.), OF. crois, croiz.
Cf. Croce n.1] An earlier form of the word, which is croy
for the Croyser name; Cro, Croy, n.1 Sc. and Ir. Gaelic
cró fold, hut, Icel. kró sheepfold. Latinized as croa, croya
(12th c.).[3]
The meaning referring to hut, which developed the name
Croyser is insignificant in most of England where the
name is based on cross, but given the popularity of the
name in Yorkshire (York Mayor John Croser 1447)
with variants in Sweden, it is felt by people of Scandinavian
origins migrating to what is now Scotland, likely
applied the meaning of hut to Croyser that of hut builder.
The Croziers came from Normandy in 1066 with
William the Conqueror. Through the years, some moved northward
to the southern areas of Scotland where they became
established as a Border Clan. According to Scots
Kith and Kin,[5] Clan Crozier was in Liddesdale in the
14th Century.[6]
Example of Tyndale to Liddesdale-Treviotdale movement;
Clemy and John Croser (Crosier-Crozier), English
Tyndale Rebels resettled to Liddesdale-Teviotdale Scotland
with Clemy Croser, and Robyn (son of Rob of Redheugh)
Elwald, in 1540.[7][4]

 William le Gros Earl of Yorkshire (Count of Aumale)
died 1179 could easily be the influence of
the Croyser of today’s border region being of Yorkshire.
Name similarities exist between, Le Crosand Le Gros and today’s Crozier and Grozier surnames.
William le Gros, owned Scarborough Castle.Borough means fort and is symbolized on theshield of Scarborough. Scarborough is of AngloSaxonorigins, and people with the surname Scarborough
are known to be from Scarborough. The
Y-DNA of the people named Scarborough was used
to locate an entry point into the British Isles, of
an Elfwald/Elwald.[8]

Name version of Crozier with
a G; Grosar, Grosars, Grossars (RB Armstrong),
Gros, and Grozier, which OCR (optical character
recognition), sometimes read the upper case C as
a G, is questioned if the document is handwritten,
that it may have been transcribed in the past with
a C transcribed as a G. William le Gros, Count of
Aumale, was a powerful Anglo-Norman baron and
grand-nephew of William the Conqueror.

2 Name distribution
For the name Crozier a form of Crosier, one finds in YDNA
studies[18]

Crozier-surname-distribution
Family Tree DNA; Crozier and in the
family origins surname distribution maps that the name
Crozier concentrates itself along the Scottish Border and
Northern Ireland.[19]

Crozier-surname-distribution (1)
The counties in the British Isleswhich have the highest frequency of the name Crozier are Roxburghshire, which contains, Liddesdale, in Scotland,and Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland.[20]
There is a smaller distribution,in southern England, and this could representwhat became Crozier coming from France. It should be
noted, of 13 Crozier tested Y-DNA, 11 are M-269, there
are two of the unique R-CTS11874 a William Crozier, of
Northern, Ireland and a John Crosier of Boston. There
were other listed in the Family Tree SNP[21]

familytreedna-Crosier-Crozier

one of each Kennedy, Loy, and Beckel (Germany). In Public Profiler
of World Names[22]
Loy shows Germany-YorkshireScotland-Northern
Ireland, Kennedy shows Scotland and
Northern Ireland, and Bickel shows Germany. With the
locality of the Crozier, as being Border/Ulster Scots,
this is indicative of Germanic-Danish Anglo migration.
Though the name Crozier of Le Cros in southern France,
and the name Eliot of Aliot in southern France, with
William Le Gros (Gros like Cros mainly of S France),
and William de Aliot[24] linked to William the Conqueror, in close proximity, in Liddesdale and Fermanagh,

it can be concluded that these families are of basically of
similar origins. Though surname acquisition has a French
Norman influence, their Scottish, Scandinavian origins is
more like their shared ally the Armstrong.[23]

2.1 Cros Cross
Surname by; World Family Public Profiler, shows the Surname
Cros, is more concentrated around, Le Cros in
southern France, but when an “s” is added to make Cross
the name distribution is of England, not Scotland. Similar
results are found with de Aliot, being of southern
France, but when the “A” is changed to an “E” then the
name becomes Eliot of England, but not of Scotland.
Cross DNA; Family Tree DNA, and World Family results
are showing a large proportion, but not being as large
as for Crozier as being
R1b-M269, Y-DNA.[26] [27][25]

3 Historical distribution
It is found that the American family of Crozier descended
from the Croyser Clan, found on the banks of the (upper)
Liddel, in the Scottish borderlands[28]
at Riccarton, and Hudshouse.
In the sixteenth century the Crosars (Crozier) from upper
Liddesdale to Teviotdale, then onto Fermanagh,
Ulster, Ireland.

3.1 Riccarton

RB-Armstrong-Liddesdale-History-Append-1_valley_of_the_Croyser_1376

Locus Crozier; IDs valley of Liddesdale, by locus of Crozier.

In R. B. Armstrong’s History of Liddesdale, there is a
record of a Locus Croyser, but the word locus means locality,
and is listed under Valleys of Liddesdale in 1376,

giving the location of a valley of Liddesdale being where
the people referred to as Croyser lived.
Today this valley is believed to be called Riccarton Burn.
The spelling in William Croyser and Simon le Croyser
near Croyland, and in “locus Croyser” is consistent in the
fourteenth century, which strongly shows that the name
which originates in the Valley (locus/locality of a valley
in Liddesdale in 1376 by where the Croyser are living)
of the Croyser, originated in the Croyland region.
This valley now Riccarton Burn is where for ScottishIrish
Croyser (Crozier) surname adoption takes place. It
is guarded by the tower of the Croziers, known as Riccarton
Tower,[29] [30]

Surname seeding is when a surname is brought into a
region, and those without a surname adopt it. Among the
Navajo Native Americans a missionary from the midwest
United States brought the Elliott name to the Navajo
people. At the time of surname adoption a family of
Navajos took on the surname Elliott. Now there is a line
of Navajo Elliotts.

Surnames, showing popularity in Yorkshire; Croyser and
Elwald, though with many deviations which from these
standard spellings (norm given the centuries), developed
in today’s England near the beginning of the twelfth century,
and were brought into the north, previous to the
Declaration of Arbroath ca1320, where Croyser evolve
into Croiser, Crosier, lastly Crozier, and Elwald evolved into Ellot, Elliot, and some cases Elliott.
In the 14th century the name William (like William the
Conqueror) Croyser, is found in Bedford, County, in an
area not to far from Croyland. In the 13th Century the
name Elwald (i.e. Elliot) is found in the region of Rye
(Johannes (John) Elwold (Elwald) de (of) Rya (Rye).
ca1230 [31]), near where the Battle of Hastings took place,
and the Kerr which came to the borderland are said to be
from Normany. So it is felt a seed carrying the name
Croyser, came to the Valley of the Croyser, now Riccarton
Burn, in Liddesdale. Riccarton/Riccarton Mill
(Rickerton, forms of Richardtown) second home of the
Redheugh Ellot (Elliot) is near Larriston/Over&Nether
Laristown. [32] [33]

Berwickshire_Naturalist's_Club_Rakestonleis,_Riccarton_Tower

Riccarton, mistakenly Rakestonleis, but is Caddroun Tower.

Liddesdale_1590_map

Helcaldenburne is Caddroun Burn (Tower) where Rakestonleis
is of William Crosier in 1590.
In the 1376 Rent Roll were Ricardtoun superior, and Ricardtoun
inferior, and in 1541 rent rolls of Liddesdale
were Ricardtoncleuch, Over (superior) Riccarton (higher
in elevation), and Richardtoun, Nether (inferior) Riccarton
(lower in elevation).

Riccarton_Cleuch,_Riccarton_RB_Armstrong_of_Crosar_(Crozier),_Elwald_(Ellot)

Ricardtoun/R. Cleuch Crosar and Elwald
In Nether Riccarton Liddesdale 1541 rent rolls, was tenanted
by Martin Crosar, Patrick Crosar, Rolland Elwald
(i.e. Elliot), and William Elwald, and Over (upper) Riccarton was held by two Crosar farms. In 1576
an Andrew “Dande” Crosar was from Ricardtouncleuch.
In 1590 was a Will Croser of Ryckerton (also spelled
Rickerton).[34] [35] [36] [37]

Crozier_and_Elliot_in_Upper_Liddesdale_Blaeu_1654_map

Crozier and Ellot in Upper Liddesdale Blaeu 1654 map
At time Robert Elwald received land of 1484 a William
Gladstanis, are listed with the landholders, and John and
Quinton Crosar, are listed with the witnesses. It is
felt that in
The Death of Parcy Reed Synopsis; Parcy
Reed arrests the reiving outlaw Whinton Crosier
, itis felt Whinton is not a Crosier name, but the name
is Quinton. [39]

Robert Elwald (i.e. Elliot) is receiving
lands of Redhuegh, Over(superior higher in elevation)
and Nether(inferior lower in elevation) on above map
where both Larristons O&N, are near Riccarton O&N.[38]

Elliot_of_Lariston_tree

Lariston tree of Redheugh, including Martin of Prickenhaugh,
pre-Stobs fire.
1586 Martin Elliot’s (intern Ellot clan chief) son Simon
had a lease of land from Earl of Bothwell (Liddesdale,
Braidlie). 1591 a Crown charter of Phillop in Selkershire
and Braidlie (Teviotdale). Martin was called “of”
Braidley, indication ownership of land of Braidley, but
living on the Braidley Bothwell Liddesdale lease Martin
supplied soldiers to the bordering Hermitage Castle. Simon
and Martin of Redheugh, built a tower of Prickenhaugh
in the region of Robert of Redheugh, now living
in Lariston N&O, and the Riccarton N&O Crozier.
It should be noted that a John Elwald who witness the
sasine (deed) of Robert Elwald of Redheugh, likely was
John Elwald of Thorlieshill, near Hudhouse of the Crosar
(Crozier), witness a Scott deed in 1488.[41][40]

The Crosar/Croyser (Crozier) and the Elwald (Ellot) were close. Thorsliehope was land of the Elwald like Gorrenberry

(next to Braidley) previous to Robert Elwald receiving
lands of Redheugh, Larriston, Hartsgarth and other.
Jamie Telfer in The Fair Dodhead Telfer is sent to meet
Martin Elliot, of Prickinhaugh, as shown on the Blaeu
map as being near N&O Ricarrton, and N&O Lariston.
The Pedigree According to the Genealogy of 17047
(previous to Stobs Castle fire of 1712) ELLIOTS OF
LARISTON ; Robert Elliot of Lariston, the 15th, had a
feud with the Armstrongs. Married a daughter of Buccleuch.
His next brother was Martin Elliot, of Prickinhaugh.
The Crozier Hudshouse is in the vicinity of Slaughtree,
home of a Margaret (Meg, Megg, Maggie) Kidd mistress
to Redheugh (Robert 15) now of Larriston, which
he builds a tower for her at Hartsgarth. Second son living
in Larriston with his father Robert chief 15, is William
then of Hartsgrath with his mother (rf sansine/deed).
Next son Gilbert “Gib-bie of Golden Garters” is said to
be born of a father of Larriston, and a mother of Buccluech
(Kidd’s curse, Kidd’s wall). Though a Hob Elwode
(i.e. Robert Elliott), lived and was taken in by
his uncle Clemyt Crossier (i.e. Clement Crozier) of Stobbes
(Stobs) became Clementis Hobs, Gavan Ellot was
first Ellot owner of Stobs, second husband to Gilbert’s
mother, purchases Stobs for his grandson (first son of
Gilbert) William. Gilbert marrying Mary “Fendy” first
cousin to Buccleuch gave William the blood of a Buccleuch.
This William (has first son Sir Gilbert) changed
his support to Buccleuch (King Charles II), then hung
himself so the Cromwellian Parliamentarians, would not
take his estate.[42]

From this William, to indicate loyalty
to the Royalist, and to differentiate the name from
the Parliamentarian, Sir John Elliot which died in the
tower of London, the family of the Clan Elliot chief of
Stobs/Redheugh spells their name Eliott.

Sasine_deed_1484_for_Robert_Elwald_(Elliot),_Redheugh,_Larriston,_Hartsgarth

Redheugh Elwald sasine (deed); Crosars witnesses.[43]

In Ulster, Ireland the name Crozier (1659, Croser 1630)
was introduced by settlers who arrived from England
and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century
with strong associations with Counties Fermanagh and
Armagh.[44]
The Scottish, and other border people followed a similar
path migration from The Liddel Water which is a

WESTMORLANDIAE_et_Cumberlandiae_Comitatum_towers_along_Liddel

Lower Liddesdale, not showing Croziers.
Scottish-English border except in the Debatable Lands
and past Kirhopefoot, where Mangerton is. Migration
followed up into Northern Liddesdale. In Scotland,
the names Armstrong, Elwald (Ellot), and Nixon, may
have had there Scottish birth in the Debatable lands; the
Croyser it is felt took more of a direct route northward
bypassing the Debatable Lands.
Along with the Crosar/Crozier, listed as witnesses are
Grame/Grahams, and Forstar/Foster/Forester. Though
Elwald-Ellot (Elliot) of Redhuegh and Gorrenberry are
listed, along with the son of Buccleuch, Cessford (Roxburghe),
and his brother, and other Kerr, a Wm Gledstanis,
and a number of Elwald as witnesses. There are no
Armstrongs, though Grahams, Foresters, and Armstrongs
had towers along the Liddel.
The Armstrong, and their allies, believe like indigenous
Americans, that land is of the common. Previous to the
Redheugh sasine, the Armstrong Mangerton lands were
re-granted by Arhibald “Bell the Cat” Douglas V Earl of
Angus to Scot of Buccleuch. That is why the Armstrong
are not on sasine.

3.2 Hudshouse [45]
Near burn of same name, tower remains verily exist, and
a peel house at Hudshouse poscessed by this clan. Scotts
of Buccleuch, Vol II page 174.[46]
Hudhouse was a twostory house[47]
with dual doors, making it a strongly built
huddle house. What one would call a “Hudshouse”. Hudshouse
had recent farming up to about 1890, but in ruins
with slight remains of an ancient tower of the Croziers.
Philippo Crosar was recorded on the Rental Rolls of Liddesdale,
being a tenant at Hudshouse in 1541.[49][48]

Hudshouse is below foot of Helcaldenburne (Caddroun
Burn), on Liddel (refer to; Blaeu map of 1654).
Rakestonleis is of Caddroun Burn Tower (Helcaldenburne
1590) of Martin Crozier.

3.3 Treviotdale [51] [52]
The family becomes Treviodale Crosiers of Alderstonshields,
with nearby Clement Crosier in Stobsmigrating
north Clement Crosier on Gledstanis estate land to
Hummelknows just south of Hawick. [54]
The head of the Croziers was Clame (Clement) in Hummilknowes
(1569).[55][50][53]

Crosyer,_Crosier,_Crosser_of_Agerstoneshields-Alderston_Shields_and_Stobs

Crosyer, Crosier, Crosser of Agerstoneshields-Alderstonshields
and Stobs.

Crosyer, Crosier, Crosser of AgerstoneshieldsAlderstonshields
and Stobs, on Gladstanis estate in Treviotdale, 1544 [56]

Surities_of_Clem_Crosar_Hummelknows

Hummelknows, Crosar which are surities (in bond) by Clem
Crosar Sureties/bonding of Crosars by Clement Crosar of
Hammelknows;[57]
Gladstanis land in Treviotdale of Hammelknows, Alderstonshields
and Stobs, which Crozier (Crosar) were tenants;

Gladstanis_Treviotdale_land_with_Crosar_Crozier_tenants_map

Gledstanis land which Crosar are tenants.

3.4 Fermanagh
The relation between the Crosare (Crozier), Elwald (Ellot),
Home (Hume), in the Minto (Wolflee/Wolfhopelee)
regions is shown in a Declaration of Sasine to David
of Home 1436, when a Johannis Elwald, and a Jacobi
Crosare witness the deed of David Hume receiving
land from of Wolflee and Wolfhopelee from William
Douglas.[58]

John Croser sword only is listed in the ca1630 munster
rolls of Tully Castle (1630 Tully, Monea, and Tullykelter
Castles exist, but Castle Hume was built later) the
Barony de Magherboy, Fermanangh, Ulster. Croser, Ellot
and Hume in this same region as found two centuries
earlier, in southern Treviotdale with Sasine of David
Hume.[60][59]

Tully,_Hume,_Monea,_Castle_region_in_1790_map

Maghereboy, Fermanagh, Ulster, Hume, Hamilton and
Somerville lands of
Tully, Monea, and Tullykelter Castle lands.
In 1659, Crozier were listed in the Census of Fermanagh/Armagh,
Ulster.[61]
1528 IN DEBATABLE LANDS; Of the Armstrong, Ellot,
Nixon and Crosar; the most numerous in 1528 are
the Armstong then Elwands, Ellwoods, or Elliots who extended
into Teviotdale, Nixons which are more numerous

in Cumberland than Scotland and the Crosars in Upper
Liddesdale with their chief stronghold at Riccarton.[30]
A CENTURY LATER IN ULSTER; Across the water to
Ulster into the counties of Fermanagh which now borders
Ireland, and Armagh. Given numbers for the Armstrong,
Elliot (Ellot), Nixon, and Crozier (Crosar) of Fermanagh
and Armagh,[62]shows these two counties were stepping
stones, into the English Plantations and around the world.

The United States;
Early Crosier into Boston, Massachusetts; CROSIER
TIME LINE by Charles Crosier.[63]
1735 December 29 – An intent to marry is recorded in
Kings Chapel for John Crosier and Martha Lindsey.
note; John Croser b. ca1714 Ireland?, father William
Samuel Crossett and mother; Martha Hamilton, married;
Martha Lindsay 1735 in Boston, Massachusetts.
1735/36 January 13 – John Crosier marries Martha Lindsey
at Kings Chapel (Episcopalian).
Were like many Crosier/Crozier of Ulster (Scot-Irish)
would have been Episcopalian.[65]

Traditionally the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Crozer
(Crozier) family was founded by five brothers, Andrew,
John, James, Robert and Samuel of Northern Ireland (Ulster),
arrived in Philadelphia about 1723, unrecorded parents
were likely with them.[66]

Norwalk, Conneticutt, Richard Cozier (Crozier), wife
Abigail Brown listed in deeds of 1709[67]deceased
1724.[68]

5 Crozier Coat of Arms
Traditional design features, are the fleur de lis of France
used in England[69]
and America (Crozier’s General Armory:……
ed William Armstrong Crozier), with
French being the basis to the name Crozier. Azure or
lapis blue being a tradition colour of the Crozier Clan
arms.
The cross is the Christian (St George’s Cross), colour
scheme in that of the arms of the Armstrong and the
Scottish flag. Though the white could be turn to gold if
the Irish want their coat of arms different. The Irish of
mainly Fermanagh/Armagh, have Liddesdale/Teviotdale
Scottish origins. The stag head is found normally on[64][70]

Clan_Crozier_coat_of_arms.svg

Coat of Arms for armigerous Clan Crozier to share.
top in the caboose is on the white cross, and is a symbol
used by the King/St Elwald (Ælfwald I of Northumbria),
and the Cumbria Ellwood,[71] [72]along with the Horsliehill
[73] [74] (William) Ellot. Stag head is in the centre,
which makes the arms unique and compacts the design
to a shield.

elk-head-and-antlers-Elwald-Hunters-and-Foresters-hunting-horn

Sceat of Elwald minted in York;

Sceat_of_Ælfwald_of_Northumbria-300x158

For artistry the stag head is not symmetric, and is vertically
compact to fit on the vertical member of the cross.
Stag looks towards the left, for people of a society which
reads from left to right, the stag seems to as being addressed
from the left looking at the reader. Two colour
scheme of white (gold maybe substituted) and blue is utilized,
in svg (scalable vector graphics). Public domain to
be shared by Clan Crozier.
Clan Crozier an
armigerous clan, does not have an arms
registered byLord Lyon
the heraldic authority for Scotland. The given are an example
based on Crozier traditional arms, which can be
shared by all Crozier, Crosier, Grozier, Gros, Crosser,
Cross, Cros, Crozat, Crozet and other variant names.
Surnames (Family Tree DNA Crozier site) Crazier,
Crizer, Crosair, Crosare, Croser, Crosier, Crosir,
Crosnier, Crossar, Crosser, Croysar, Croyser, Crozer,
Crozier
[75]
I have not seen the arms-of Croser; but they and the Nixons
were small broken clans, dependent on the Elliots of Lariston,
also broken clan and followers of Buccleugh, it is
probable they would carry similar arms.
Notes and Queries; Oxford University Press, August

Notes_and_Queries_Oxford_University_Press,_1876_-_Questions_and_answers_page_174,_5th_S._VI._Aug._26,_1876.

E.; (most likely William Elliot)
1876 page 173[76]

note; Clan Armstrong does not have a chief, but Clan Elliot
does.

6 Crozier Tartan
The Scottish Register of Tartans for “Crozier/Crosser”
01/01/1983
National Records of Scotland, H.M. General
Register House, Scottish Tartans Authority STA ref:1779

Clan_Crozier_Crosser_Tartan_Details_UK_government_registry_standards_jpg

7 Crozier Motto
Crux coelorum, crux mihi clavis erit.
Translation; 1.(Cross of heaven, for me; the keys of heaven.)
2.(Heavens above, the cross will be the key for me.)

Crozier_Motto
Crozier’s General Armory: A Registry of American
Families Entitled to Coat Armor William Armstrong
Crozier Genealogical association, 1904 page 45.

Bulletin d’archéologie et de statistique de la Drôme, Vol.
23-24 1889 – Dauphiné (France) Dictionnaire Des
Devises Dauphiné page 505 122.–Crux coelorum, crux
mihi clavis erit (Croix des cieux, pour moi clefs du ciel)
De Crozat.[78]

Anthony du Crozat (Crosset), a French Huguenot is a
refugee to Ireland 1591.[79][77]

8 Visiting Newcastleton-Copshaw Holm
David (Crozier) on a visit to Liddesdale, Newcastleton
noted on a sign in the domain of the public
read;”…..the famous families of Elliot, Armstrong, Nixon
and Crozier…..Welcome to Copshaw Holm.”
Another sign of the region reads. “Nixons, and Crosiers
rode with Elliots and the Armstrongs. ..nicknames
like..Nebless Clem.”
The Steel Bonnets; Book by George MacDonald Fraser,
Nebles Clem is a Crosar, and one would find when the
name Clem is used during this era it is almost always
a Crosier/Crozier. Also G. Fraser, is another individual
which establishes Riccarton, as the place for the
Crozier.[81]

9 Fermanagh/Armagh
From one border to another; Fermangh/Armagh are border
counties of Ulster.
Counties of Fermangh and Armagh shown to stay the
same during the early part of the Ulster Plantation. Londonderry
an “English” County of the newly developed Ulster
Plantation was made from Coleraine and the northeast
tip of Tyrone. As the Armstrong; may Clan
Crozier now, go UNVANQUISHED. [80]

10 References
[1] Great Britain III Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
pp.466-7 (1587)
[2] Middle English Dictionary, Vol 1&2 by Hans Kurath.
[3] Dictionary of the Scots Language Dictionar o the Scots
Leid
[4] Piety, Fraternity, and Power: Religious Gilds in Late Me-
dieval Yorkshire, 1389-1547 David J. F. Crouch Boydell
& Brewer Ltd, 2000 page 274
[5] Scots Kith & Kin: A Comprehensive A-Z Guide to the Surnames
of Scotland, the Clans and Their Tartans Collins
Celtic, Collins Celtic Staff, Collins UK Collins, 1989
[6] http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Heritage/FSCNS/Scots_NS/
Clans/Crozier.html
[7] Letters and Papers: Foreign and Domestic. Calendar of
Henry VIII. Great Britain. Public Record Office, Henry
VIII (King of England) Longman, 1896
[8] http://gorrenberry.com/
geographic- surname-dna- correlation/
[9] The Priory of Hexham, Volume 2 James Raine Society,
1865 pg 26
[10] Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological
Society, Volume 4 Bishopsgate Institute, 1922 – London
pg 269
[11] Publications of the Surtees Society, Volume 48 By Surtees
Society pg 26
[12] A History of Northumberland, Volume 3, Part 1 By
Northumberland County History Committee, Edward
Bateson, John Crawford Hodgson, Allen Banks Hinds,
Herbert Henry Edmund Craster pg151
[13] http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Croyser#
ixzz3kHkgQRW0
[14] 1266-1272 Great Britain. Public Record Office Kraus
Reprint, 1971
[15] Calendar of the Close Rolls …: Preserved in the Public
Record Office, Volume 24 Great Britain. Public Record
Office H. M. Stationery Office, 1896 – Great Britain pg
63-64
[16] Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public
Record Office By Great Britain. Public Record Officalendar
of Close Rolls, Public Record Office.Edward III, AD
1333-1337. Index;
[17] The Chronicles of the Armstrong, James L. Armstrong
1903,ed page 31
[18] Family Tree DNA Crozier
[19] http://worldnames.publicprofiler.org/Default.aspx?
region=!WORLD-EUROPE
[20] Crozier, British Isles
[21] https://www.familytreedna.com/public/r1b- u152/
default.aspx?section=ysnp
[22] http://worldnames.publicprofiler.org/
[23] http://worldnames.publicprofiler.org/Default.aspx?
region=!WORLD-EUROPE
[24] Genealogy of the Eliot family By William Smith Porter
page 2
[25] worldnames.publicprofiler.org | Cros to Cross, Aliot to
Eliot
[26] https://www.familytreedna.com/public/cross/default.
aspx?section=ycolorized | Cross; Family Tree DNA
results.
[27] http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/cross/results?
raw=1 | Cross; World Family results.
[28] Colonial Families of Philadelphia, By John W. Jordan.
[29] Canmore Riccarton Tower Site
[30] Family Records By Ashworth Peter Burke pg 195 Crozier
[31] Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III: 1225-1232 By
Great Britain Public Record Office, H.C. Maxwell Lyte
(Sir.)
[32] History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Instituted
…, Volume 12 By Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club (Scotland).
[33] https://canmore.org.uk/site/67993/riccarton- tower | Riccarton
Tower
[34] The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland: 1537-1542 By Scotland.
Court of Exchequer, George Powell McNeill
[35] Rotuli scaccarii regum scotorum: The Exchequer rolls of
Scotland, Volume 17 By Scotland. Court of Exchequer,
George Burnett
[36] The Scotts of Buccleuch, Fraser, William, Sir, 18161898.
cn, Publisher:Edinburgh : s.n. page 174
[37] A Break With The Past, Changed days on two Border
sheep farms (Langburnshiels and Riccarton) by Michael
J.H. Robson, Ovenshank Newcastleton 1991 pages 41-49
[38] http://www.sacred- texts.com/neu/eng/child/ch193.htm
[39] http://www.classypages.com/FranksGenealogyPage/
crosier.htm
[40] Scottish arms a collection of armorial bearings,A.D.
1370-1678 by R.R. Stodart Published 1881 by W. Paterson
in Edinburgh.
[41] The Scotts of Buccleuch (1878) pg 92, by Sir William
Fraser
[42] The Border Elliots and the Family of Minto By George
Francis Scott Elliot; Kidd, Margaret, or Meg, 248. ‘
Kidd’s curse,’ 249 n. ‘ Kidd’s walls,’
[43] The Annals of a Border Club (the Jedforest): And Biographical
Notices of the Families Connected Therewith
George Tancred T. S. Smail, 1899 – History of Scotland

[44] Irish surnames; Crozier
[45] https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/flor/article/
download/14397/20215/ Top historian of Scottish
history. Nicked by Redheugh, and Gorrenberry is
bleeding.
[46] The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Wauchopedale and
..Vol1, By Robert Bruce Armstrong.
[47] http://canmore.org.uk/event/734250
[48] History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Volume 12
Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club 1890
[49] A Hawick Word Book by Douglas Scott DRAFT-vers 2,
Aug 2015
[50] https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blaeu_- _
Atlas_of_Scotland_1654_-_LIDALIA_-_Liddesdale.
jpg
| Blaeu 1654-Hudshouse foot of Helcaldenburne
[51] https://canmore.org.uk/site/67961/caddroun- burn- tower
| Caddroun Burn Tower
[52] Colonial Families of Philadelphia, Volume 2 By John
Woolf Jordan pg1387.
[53] The Hamilton Papers: A.D 1543-1590, By Great Britain.
General Register Office (Scotland).
[54] 1569-1578 By Scotland Privy Council
[55] History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Volume 13
By Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club Report of Meetings for
1890. By Dr J. Hardy. 63
[56] The Hamilton Papers: A.D. 1543-1590 General Register
House, 1892 – Great Britain
[57] The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, Volume
1,Scotland. Privy Council, John Hill Burton, David Masson,
Peter Hume Brown, Henry Paton, Robert Kerr Hannay,
H.M. General Register House, 1877 – Archives
[58] Report on the Manuscripts of Colonel David Milne Home
of Wedderburn Castle, Issue 2 Great Britain. Royal Commission
on Historical Manuscripts H. M. Stationery Office,
1902 – Home family
[59] A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and
Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland
John Burke, Sir Bernard Burke J. R. Smith, 1844 page
608
[60] The history of Enniskillen with reference to some manors
in co. Fermanagh, and other local subjects by Trimble,
William Copeland, 1851-1941 Published 1919
[61] Special Report On: Ireland, the 1659 Census, edited by
Irish Genealogical Foundation, M. Laughlin
[62] The book of Ulster Surnames, Robert Bell, 1988
[63] http://www.classypages.com/FranksGenealogyPage/
timeline.htm
| CROSIER TIME LINE by Charles
Crosier
[64] The Crosiers of Halifax, Vermont: Some Descendants of
John Croser C. 1714 – C. 1755 Iris Wilcox Baird, 1996 322
page
[65] http://www.historyireland.com/
early- modern-history- 1500-1700/
sheep- stealers- from-the- north- of- england- the- riding- clans- in- ulster- by- robert- /|
who wrote The book of Ulster Surnames, Robert
Bell, 1988
[66] Colonial Families of Philadelphia, Volume 2 By John
Woolf Jordan
[67] Book B, pg. 66, Norwalk Deeds, Nov. 18, 1709.
[68] Norwalk,Conneticutt Wills; Mch. 4, 1728/9, page 214.
[69] The British herald, or Cabinet of armorial bearings of the
nobility & gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Volume 1
Thomas Robson (engraver.) 1830 – Great Britain
[70] Crozier’s General Armory: A Registry of American Families
Entitled to Coat Armor edited by William Armstrong
Crozier
[71] Bolton’s American Armory By Jina Bolton, Charles
Knowles Bolton
[72] Encyclopædia of Heraldry, Or General Armory of England,
Scotland and Ireland: Comprising a Registry of All
Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time,
Including the Late Grants by the College of Arms John
Burke, Sir John Bernard Burke H. G. Bohn, 1844
[73] The History of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Ewesdale, Wauchopedale
and the Debatable Land: By Robert Bruce
Armstrong, Volume 1Robert Bruce Armstrong D. Douglas,
1883 page 178
[74] The Border Elliots and the Family of Minto By George
Francis Scott Elliot page 252
[75] http://www.familytreedna.com/public/Crozier
[76] https://books.google.com/books?id=
dfzfAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA174&dq=%22ELLIOTS+
OF+LARISTON%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=
0CDQQ6AEwBGoVChMIy8fLy7P8yAIVFNhjCh0dhgBE#
v=onepage&q=croser&f=false
[77] https://books.google.com/books?id=TqorAAAAIAAJ
[78] https://books.google.com/books?id=
crNIAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA505&lpg=PA505&
dq=%22Crux+coelorum,+crux+mihi+clavis+
erit%22&source=bl&ots=Il72b1Gp-I&sig=
r5kf1agsD-UhojBLelXn4dnUbfg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=
0CC0Q6AEwBGoVChMIjOujtKiLyQIVSFOICh1OWwgE#
v=onepage&q=%22Crux%20coelorum%2C%20crux%
20mihi%20clavis%20erit%22&f=false
[79] Anthony du Crozat (Crosset), a French Huguenot is a
refugee to Ireland 1591 | The Crossett Name
[80] Kelly’s Journey: July 2015 http://www.livelovetravelx.co.
uk
[81] The Steel Bonnets; Book by George MacDonald Fraser,

11 External links
http://www.historyireland.com/early-modern-history-1500-1700/sheep-stealers-from-the-north-of-england-the-riding-clans-in-ulster-by-robert-bell/

http://www.clanarmstrongtrust.org.uk


MSE  12/30/2015

Clan Crozier PDF

Clan Crozier 1-6     Clan Crozier 7-13

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